Q: I am a powerlifter and have recently had to stop squatting because of severe shoulder pain. What can I do to train around the pain?
A: When someone’s shoulder is hurting during a back squat, it is usually a sign of shoulder impingement (external rotation + abduction). Depending on the severity, you may want to get it looked at. Front squatting (I prefer using straps) would most likely feel better than back squatting.
Front squat using straps
You could also try squatting with a Rackable Cambered Squat Bar . These are options to work around the pain and still create a training effect. But don’t neglect some good old soft tissue work. I'd bet your shoulder has some barnicles growing in it :-) ......The Foam Roller should be your best friend for a while.